What is AMD?
AMD affects the area of the eye known as the macula, the most important component of the retina. The macula is responsible for central vision and over time can be damaged naturally by aging but also by various factors such as diet, lifestyle and sun exposure. This damage causes light sensing cells in the macula to stop sending signals to the brain, resulting in AMD to cause central vision loss.
End-stage AMD is when the macula reaches the point that central vision is lost in both eyes. This damage is permanent and can develop from both the dry and wet forms of the condition.